Episode 30 Companion: Two and a Half Emperors

Just in case you need a reminder, the (approximate) extent of the Han Empire (orange) during this period:

Under Emperor Zhao, the Empire would reach it’s apogee in terms of physical size.

han map

 

Emperor Zhao of Han (漢昭帝, Han Zhaodi):

Personal name: Liu Fuling (劉弗陵),

Born: 94 BCE

Beginning of reign: 87 BCE (age: 7), Regent Huo Guang ruled in his name

Death: 74 BCE (age: 20)

zhao

 

Empress Shangguan (上官皇后):

Personal name: unknown

Born: 89 BCE

Empress Consort of Han: 83-74 BCE (age: 6-14)

Empress Dowager: 74 BCE (27 days)

Grand Empress Dowager: 74-37 BCE (age at death: 55) Empress Shangguan

 

The Imperial Regent, Huo Guang (霍光):

Born: unknown

Marquis of Bolu (r. 87–68 BCE)

Regent of Emperor Zhao: 87-74 BCE

Regent of Emperor Xuan: 73-68 BCE

Death: 68 BCE

220px-Huo_guang

imgres

 

The Loulan Kingdom

In 77 BCE, the new King of Loulan began to resist Han authority in favor of the Xiongnu.  Their King Angui was assassinated by Han Imperial Messenger Fu Jiezi and replaced with the more cooperative King Weituqi.

map-1-Loulan-Kingdom

Another view of the Western Regions (西域, Xiyu) and neighboring kingdoms: Western_Regions_1st_century_BC(en)

 

Emperor Xuan of Han (宣帝)

Personal name: Liu Bingyi (劉病已), later changed to Liu Xun (劉詢) to facilitate the traditional naming taboo on the Emperor’s name (病 and 已 being in far too common usage to declare taboo)

Born: 91 BCE Beginning of reign: 74 BCE (age: 17)

Death: 49 BCE (age: 42)

Empresses:

Xu Pingjun (許平君): r. 74-71 BCE (murdered by poison)

Huo Chengjun (霍成君): r. 70-66 BCE (deposed), d. 54 BCE (suicide)

Empress Wang (王皇后) personal name unknown: r. 64-49 BCE, as Empress Dowager: 49-33 BCE, as Grand Empress Dowager: 33-16 BCE (death) 200px-HanXuanDi

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