Relief rubbing of Emperor Jie of Xia, 17th and last Xia Emperor, ruled c. 1728-1675 BCE
Jie is center holding a halberd symbolizing oppression. He is sitting on two kneeling women, showing his abuse of power.
Taken as rubbing from a Wu Family shrine in Shandong:
Jie was infamous for his orgies:
The Lord of Shang, Tang would rise against Jie and ultimately drive the Xia Emperors to extinction. He will become the first of the succeeding Shang Dynasty:
In the final years of Jie’s reign, nature itself fell out of balance because of Heaven withdrawing its favor from the Xia Emperor. Unseasonable weather, dimmed sun, heavy rains, yellow fog, and crop failure followed.
This was likely attributable to the contemporaneous Minoan Eruption event on the Greek island of Thera (Santorini)… The Minoan Eruption is the most power volcanic event in recorded human history – more than 5x as powerful as the Krakatoa Eruption of the late 19th century. Volcanic winter would have been on a near-global scale, with weather affected for as much as 3 years following the event.
Location of Thera and dispersal of volcanic ash:
The blast and destruction of the then-powerful Minoan culture is likely the origin of the story of Atlantis.
A view of Thera today:
Finally, a rough idea of Lord Tang’s campaign against Jie, as well as the extent of Xia/Shang power compared to the modern Chinese state:
Close-up of the region and campaign: